Ayurveda is about the Science of Living, and bases lots of health principles on seasonal factors, individual factors and lifestyle factors. Ayurveda is about living in accordance with nature and about listening to the inherent wisdom of our bodies. It is not religious, it is scientific, and much of science today is validating what the 'ancient seers' knew thousands of years ago.
In Ayurvedic philosophy, the individual is taught how to bring themselves into a state of health by following the principles of how nature wanted us to live. Simple daily routines known as 'dinacharya' are followed to achieve balance and bring ourselves into a state of health and wellness. If these simple rules are followed, then one will attain health and balance. Rules such as how to move, eat and sleep are outlined.
It sounds very simple doesn't it? So how do we know what constitution each of us are? Ayurvedic knowledge points to the 5 universal elements which are air, water, fire, earth and ether or space. These elements form the external universe and since we are part of creation, they are also contained within us in varying amounts. We can be 11 constitutional types, namely, Vata (air and space), Pitta (fire and water) or Kapha (Earth and Water) or a combination of these. (We can be two types where one dosha is dominant and another is secondary.)
So once we have knowledge of what elements are pre-dominant in us, we can then take steps towards correcting that which is disturbed within us. Makes sense right? To give an example, a fiery Pitta type may experience heat headaches, pimples, acidity and anger. Whilst a Vata 'airy fairy' type may be labelled 'a space cadet' and suffer from dry wind conditions like constipation or dry skin, even anxiety and worry with the racing windy thoughts! A Kapha type is more solid and stocky and usually suffers from issues of earth and water relating to lungs and respiratory issues like congestion, asthma etc.
Follow the link to find out your constitution;